More on delusions and how to get rid of them.
Just before any delusion develops, we have an inch of space to change things around. For example, we have the seed of attachment in our mind, and let’s say we have an attractive object, such as a donut. This does not guarantee a delusion. Why not?
The advertising agency in our mind
For attachment to arise for the jelly donut, we have to think about the jelly donut — how yummy it’ll taste, how it’s capable of giving us pleasure, how it’ll go really well with our coffee, and so on. We conveniently edit out all the things it won’t do for us – how it’ll rot our teeth causing pain at the dentist, how it’ll make us fat and flabby, how no one will fancy us any more, etc. The mind of attachment exaggerates the good and edits out anything unpleasant about the object, like an advertising agency in our mind.
When I first went to America decades ago for a visit, I discovered the most extraordinary invention, one that in my mind had Americans living up to their reputation for being innovative and smart. Anyone who could take chocolate, which is good from its own side, and then combine it with peanut butter, also good from its own side, and then combine them…. well, Mr. Reese must have been a genius.
I developed a very strong liking for his peanut butter cups—and I would share them with others, my bags full of them whenever I returned to England. I tried to turn everyone else on to them, for their sakes. This went on for about three years! But you already know the end of this story. One day I ate one too many (“just one more wafer-thin mint!”), and I was struck with the thought: “I cannot put another one of these in my mouth!” I realized that whoever invented this sickly thing was an idiot. Now when I think about Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups, I simply can’t stand them. I could talk about their bad qualities for a long time… Yet I have to concede that the manufacturers haven’t changed anything in them at all. I cannot blame them for letting me down.
The way I was thinking about Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups was not appropriate because it was not realistic. Inappropriate attention, which was introduced in the last article, is like unrealistic attention. We’re paying attention to something in a way that is not going to work because that peanut butter cup for example is not capable of giving me the pleasure it pretends to give me. It can temporarily satisfy an itch, the hungry or bored craving for something both sugary and savory, and that’s about it. We can do a lot better than that.
It is the same with objects of irritation, such as the example of someone who walks into our room while we’re peacefully reading, and “annoying” us, as described in this article. We’re like a dog with a bone, we can’t let it go. “He’s ignoring me again! He is always ignoring me!” That song in Guys ‘n Dolls that goes something like this:
“You promise me this, you promise me that…. when I think of the tiiiiimes gone by, I could honestly die.”
We’re mentally writing a shopping list of all their failings while conveniently editing out all the nice things about them, like the fact that we’ve been married to them for 20 years and borne their children.
And the next thing we know, we’re mad. Literally mad. We say, “I’m mad at you.” I think that we do go a little bit mad, sometimes very mad. It’s the same with “I’m mad about peanut butter cups.” We are actually mad when a delusion arises, why? Because of this inappropriate or unrealistic attention. We’ve honed in on the object and we have totally exaggerated either its good qualities (in the case of attachment) or its bad qualities (in the case of anger.) We do something similar with jealousy, pride, and miserliness — they’ve all got unrealistic attention in them, they wouldn’t be here without them. If we didn’t pay that inappropriate attention, the delusion could not get a foothold and our mind would stay peaceful and happy.
We wouldn’t feel so helpless. We would stay in control of our minds and our lives. Sounds good to me.
An inch of space
So, there is an inch of space we have with every delusion before inappropriate attention gets going. For example, in the case of the irritating person, we have a choice. We may not take the choice, but we do have it. (1) We can follow the path of least resistance and start itemizing the laundry list of their faults, leading to a negative, uncontrolled mind, and a hundred clever, barbed comments to say to them next time we meet. This is the easiest thing to do because we are so used to doing it, it’s a bad habit. Or (2) we can choose to stop that train wreck before it starts, and with that inch of space we have before the inappropriate attention starts, catch ourselves as we’re about to get annoyed, and take our mind away from the object and put it somewhere better and more enjoyable.
Three good things
Until we’re trained in this, we may even want to go to the restroom or something to get away from the object and steer our mind in a different direction. We can do a little bit of breathing meditation to forget the object, that’s very helpful, and then we can think, “Okay, this person is appearing really annoying to me right now, but I’m not going to get annoyed — I’m actually going to think about their good qualities.”
One of my good friends has a wonderful, practical method for staying positive that has stood him in good stead for decades, so I use it too. He comes up with, for example, three good things about this person. Or, if he can’t do three, if that is too much of a tall order, he does one! Anything that takes our mind away from inappropriate attention toward appropriate attention will do. And there is always something. Perhaps Mister Annoying has a dog they rescued who loves them — focus on that! How nice! We avert the irritation, and our mind stays under control and peaceful.
These three—the seed, the object, and inappropriate attention–are the main causes of delusion, and the stage of inappropriate attention is the weakest link and the opportunity to change things around. We can do this through learning meditation, slowly but surely putting it into practice in our daily lives. This is definitely possible. It is how people learn to control their minds to actualize their potential for lasting peace, happiness, and fulfillment.
We have the choice. Right now it may seem we don’t have much choice because our habits are so strong, but they are just habits, they are not us; and if we understand the causes of delusion, then we know that we do actually have a moment of choice there. We can continue to follow the same old frustrating rigmarole, taking the path of least resistance, or we can change; and the choice is ours for the taking if we understand how delusions develop.
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Thanks for this interesting post. I’m really interested in the ‘inch of space’, I read something by Ajahn Sumedho who says it is the unconditioned. I’m thinking of how to include it in my next post, with a link back to your page. This small space is possibly the key to the whole thing…
A wise and well timed article thanks Luna ❤
As Geshe-la says “we always have choice”. We can can choose to unstick our minds our minds anytime we want. The tick is wanting to, isn’t it.
* Love C’ptn Jack’s quote!
* The trick is wanting to. Understanding that attachment acts like fly paper.
It hurts us however good it’s object appears to be 🙁
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Very skillfully written. As Gueshe-La said ” Becoming Buddha, So EASY! ”
Just change our bad habits for good ones 🙂
‘The choice is ours for the taking’…..excellent advice!
Thank you for showing so skilfully one of the major villians lurking within our mind, inappropriate attention. With training, it is definite we can spot its subversive activities. Instead of blaming everything and everyone, we can hone in on the ‘real’ culprit of our misery and start to gain some control over our mind and therefore our life with some appropriate, wise attention.
(I’m glad your disappointing love affair with Reese’s confections has ended, Luna… you can buy them in the UK now… they nearly had me fooled, too!)
Yep, now I just have to take the rose-tinted glasses off when i look at Cadbury’s Flakes… and Creme Eggs and Kit Kats. English chocolate has me in its thrall …
loved it lol got the giggles…rigma-role 😉 oh too funny, I feel laughter is the key to a happy soul, laughter makes us whole, love the smile on Trijangs face stops us falling from grace lol …still have the giggles it help lol
It definitely helps 🙂 (BTW, if you send me your email address, i can respond privately to your other comments.)
This is brilliant! So good I printed as pages just to sit down and ponder Your angle on inappropriate attention. Thank you Luna Kadampa.
I’m very glad you like it, Jon, thanks.
This is a very interesting article. Suppose you had cut it up in 3 parts, even more people would read till the end, if I may suggest this in the most polite way, drinking some tea with you, …
Hi Bert, thanks. I’ve thought about this in the past — my main concern is that I may end up spamming the poor subscribers. I think once or at most twice a week is enough times for an article to land in their inbox. But I also know that people are busy and the odds of them reading to the end are not high 🙂 I’m still open to debate on this issue… pros and cons?
Oh, and tea sounds lovely, thanks.
In my opinion both the frequency and length of your entries are perfect.
I should add that I usually read them in bed just before sleep.
Thank you Peter!