The New Kadampa Tradition ~ International Kadampa Buddhist Union celebrates NKT Day


I wrote this article a few years ago … the NKT has probably doubled in size and impact since then🙂 I’ve added a couple of bits. There are lots of great comments on this article, and I’d love you to share your own.

Today I asked the question on Facebook “What, if anything, does NKT day mean to you?”

The New Kadampa Tradition International Kadampa Buddhist Union NKTA lot of you reading this have never heard of NKT Day, so it means absolutely nothing to you😉 If the rest of you are anything like me, you might give it no thought until the actual day is upon us, unless you’re in charge of organizing events around it. But it is a day that people who like Kadampa Buddhism celebrate on the first Saturday of every April, and is in its own way as important as Easter or Christmas is to Christians. I like celebrating holy days, even those in other traditions (the more the merrier, as far as I’m concerned – “holiday” after all means “vacation” in British English.) So I thought it might be good to do a short article* on what it is people are actually celebrating this Saturday, with input from Facebook friends and others.

In brief, NKT day commemorates the founding of the New Kadampa Tradition ~ International Kadampa Buddhist Union by Geshe Kelsang Gyatso in 1991. Kadampa Centers worldwide hold all sorts of enjoyable celebratory events.

The centers, the 22 genius books, and so on all originate from the kindness and skill of this physically tiny but spiritually gargantuan man who arrived in the West 35 years ago with nothing except his robes, his rosary, and two texts.

Through his inner experiences of Buddha’s teachings, his powerful wish to help, and the blessing and permission of his teacher, Trijang Rinpoche, Geshe-la has created something truly epic. The Kadampa Buddhist tradition was close to extinction in Tibet and through his (and others’) efforts there are now over a thousand centers in the West, and some thriving monasteries in the east.

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso’s books

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso's booksWhy is it that these books are so effective? Why has Modern Buddhism been downloaded over 150,000 times in the last 10 months, for example? Why have millions of people now read his books? Here are just a few of my ideas on that.

These teachings come from someone who, you quickly figure out, has complete experience of what he’s talking about. All of them are based on a 2500 year old tradition that has been tried and tested by many generations of meditators, including him. They are not just someone’s new idea.

Geshe Kelsang is an expert. He has consistently been discovering better and better ways to introduce the entire teachings of Buddha to a worldwide audience without diluting them down, and I think it is fair to say that it has never been done on this scale before. (The NKT is supposedly the fastest growing Buddhist organization.) I was lucky enough to be in the right place at the right time so I could help prepare a lot of these books, so I’ve read them all many times. But I still find new and spine-tingling insights in them whenever I pick them up to read them again.

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso happyGeshe Kelsang is happy. I think it is very rare to find someone so happy, or to find a book written by someone who’s always happy. Other books can do a lot for us, but not necessarily make us so happy.

The books cover the entire array of Buddhist teachings and practices, from A to Z. Some of them are like thick text books, containing extremely detailed investigations on, say, Buddha’s teachings on ultimate truth or the profound creative practices contained within the Highest Yoga Tantra teachings. Geshe Kelsang has explained absolutely everything with a clarity, skill and practicality that I can barely fathom. And he has done this all in our own language(s).

Geshe Kelsang has managed to explain vast and profound topics in increasingly accessible books, the latest being Modern Buddhism. This manages to contain every single meaning of Sutra and Tantra within its 400+ pages without it becoming incomprehensible, in fact quite the opposite. It is so rich, and yet so simple at the same time. No one could pull this off unless they had direct experience of all the subject matter combined with a skill formidable enough to be able to relate it to a new audience. And Geshe-la is offering this book for free to everyone in this world who wants it.

I could go on and on about the books. Don’t get me started. In truth, I cannot imagine my life without them.

NKT study and meditation programs

NKT study and meditation programsBased on the books, Geshe Kelsang has arranged three study and meditation programs that are proving to be a very effective way for people to take Buddha’s teachings to heart and make continual, steady progress. He has laid the foundations for modern-day Buddhist practice on whichever level people choose to participate, and without contradicting their culture or politics — from northern Europe to Kwa-Zulu Natal. Based on these programs, the NKT has been able to establish thousands upon thousands of centers and groups worldwide in response to demand.

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso on retreat in India

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso’s background

Just the briefest potted history for now… Geshe Kelsang was born in 1931, auspiciously or suspiciously enough on Dharmachakra Day, or Buddha’s Turning the Wheel of Dharma Day. He entered the monastery aged 8 and, according to accounts by his classmates, was a very kind child who also spent a lot of time meditating on Lamrim, even meditating through the night on many occasions. He studied and meditated on all Buddha’s teachings.

In 1959 the Chinese invaded Tibet and he fled to India with nothing but his robes and a couple of texts, but he apparently stayed happy, transforming adverse conditions into the spiritual path. He entered deep meditative retreat for 18 years until his teacher, the great Trijang Rinpoche, asked him to teach in the West. So he came to Manjushri Institute in 1977.

When he was flying over the sprawl of greater London he asked his translator: “How many people are down there?!” When the answer came back “about ten million,” he replied in surprise, “There are only five million people in Tibet!” And it looks like he is trying to help them all and more — I and many others are a product of that.

Geshe Kelsang has helped bring Buddhism into the modern world stripped of its cultural overlay and Geshe Kelsang Gyatso at Madhyamaka Centreseparated from politics. He learnt English as quickly as he could, discreetly got British citizenship so he was free to do what he wanted, and started to help people through his teachings, books, example, and personal advice. To begin with, his audience was small – we could all fit comfortably in the so-called North Wing gompa of Manjushri Centre. Now, of course, it is rather large. In Portugal next year, I have no idea how everyone is going to fit. (Update: Over 7,000 received teachings and empowerments in Portugal, many saying that it was the most magical time of their lives.)

Geshe Kelsang from Day One has trained equally four types of teacher – lay, ordained, male, female – in a radical departure from the male- and monk-centric way things were done in Tibet. As you may know, the current General Spiritual Director of the NKT is a nun. So, in fact, is the Deputy Spiritual Director! The tradition is run by women! Generations of monks are turning in their graves…

When I got interested in the early 1980s, I thought it was a bit of a stretch when Geshe-la asked me to begin teaching a branch in Bath, South England, considering we were based in Yorkshire (and was foolish enough to tell him so) – but luckily my own complete lack of vision did not make a jot of difference. Down to Bath I went each week, and branches were started all over England in response to requests. Nowadays Geshe Kelsang is bringing Buddhism to the entire world – the corpus of all Buddha’s teachings are being translated into many different languages, and, because Geshe Kelsang has emphasized the training of qualified modern teachers, this looks set to continue. Geshe Kelsang Gyatso

As someone (whose name I have misplaced) put it a few years ago:

“The real genius is for someone steeped in the Buddhist tradition that arose in a completely different culture and time to be able to translate that perfectly so that it is accessible to those raised in a completely different culture, a modern culture. And to do this without in any way diluting it or losing its profundity and lineage. That’s the genius. And I think we can say that Geshe-la has pulled it off rather masterfully.”

Why does everyone call him “Geshe-la”?

Kadampas regularly refer to Geshe Kelsang as “Geshe-la.” This is like an informal title, or a term of endearment. “Geshe” is short for the Tibetan Ge way shey nyen, which literally means “spiritual friend,” and “la” denotes affection or respect.

Buddha Shakyamuni
dorje shugden in Zululand

Kadampa Buddhist in South Africa

The Founder of Buddhism in our world, Buddha Shakyamuni, appeared at a time of upheaval in India (eg, a migration from the countryside into the cities), when he could bring in his radical ideas and they could take root. To my mind, Ven Geshe-la has appeared in our world at another time of upheaval, just in time to catch the wave of globalization (including the internet) so that he can spread modern Buddhism not just in India, not just in Tibet (as his predecessor Je Tsongkhapa did), but throughout the entire planet. There are now centers in over 40 countries and Temples for world peace going up everywhere, including Texas, and you can’t get much further West than that. Buddhism’s transcendent understanding of reality — its far-reaching, devastating, yet utterly do-able wisdom and compassion — is more needed than ever. Modern Buddhism is an idea whose time has come.

new york kadampas

Kadampa Buddhists in New  York

Meanwhile back East …

Since I first wrote this article, The Oral Instructions of Mahamudra in Tibetan was written in response to repeated requests over many years by Tibetan Lamas, who respect Geshe-la as the main holder of the Mahamudra lineage transmitted by Trijang Dorjechang (Ven Geshe-la’s Guru, and the Guru of all the greatest Lamas in Je Tsongkhapa’s tradition of the last century).

Shar Gaden Monastery

Shar Gaden Monastery, India

Hundreds of monasteries and centers in Je Tsongkhapa’s Kadampa Tradition are now flourishing because Geshe Kelsang stood up for these practitioners at their time of greatest need, empowering them to wrest themselves and their religion away from Tibetan politics. These Centers are not part of the New Kadampa Tradition as they follow Tibetan cultural traditions (though not politics), but they are our spiritual brothers and sisters. Geshe Kelsang is now revered in India, Nepal, and Tibet, his picture can be seen everywhere, his teachings studied widely.

The Oral Instructions are being translated into our own languages too🙂 And will be transmitted at 2016’s Summer Festival in England.

What people are saying on Facebook so far in response to the question above

From my point of view, NKT is a representation of Geshe-la’s kindness to present Buddha’s teachings to our modern world. His teachings captivate the western audience and encourage us to finally put Buddha’s teachings into practice. ~ Geronimo Esparza-Dykstra

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso imageNKT is a buffet of small bites that allow me to fill my life to capacity with digestible portions of wisdom catered to the Western world. ~ Toby Tullis

Yes, a MUCH happier mind thanks to Geshe-la. Buddha was right, pass it on! ~ Sara Pitt

Well, NKT has meant to me a much calmer mind to allow me to be who I truly am. ~ Rita Marie Loy

It means balance. ~ Gail Dyson

The practice of universal love for all living beings (seen and unseen). ~ Brenda McI

NKT Day means a celebration of the path towards mental freedom and more compassion in the world, one heart at a time! ~ Ike Lichtenstein

To celebrate our good fortune of having such a wonderful tradition and web of kindness. Thanks Geshe-la! ~ Kelsang Chokyi

As time goes by the meaning goes deeper and is less easy to express in words. I’ve always liked the idea though… as I learn to relax and be natural, how more & more the warmth of my Guru’s blessings seep in, and slowly each one of the 1,000 petals of the lotus of my heart start to open. ~ Kelsang Lekpa

Wisdom and compassion. ~ Francesca Gallo

Appreciation for these wonderful teachings, teachers and Sangha… off and online. ~ Bill Purchase

NKT: giving Westerners a rare access point to the precious Buddhadharma since 1991. ~ Thomas Ythan Jones

I think NKT Day is like King Yeshe O day. It reminds me of the effort and sacrifice made by Geshe-la and many others to keep pure Buddhadharma alive in the world. ~ Sally Carter

Every day is NKT day for me. Every day I thank Geshe-la and request him to keep me in his service for as long as space exists. ~ Hank Ford

I didn’t have space to put everyone’s comments, but you can find them on the Facebook pages (including Luna Kadampa’s.)

What others have been saying elsewhere…

Geshe Kelsang Gyatso quotationsGeshe Kelsang’s life and deeds are a powerful example of how tremendous the effect even just one person’s pure practice can have.

I live in a small town in the UK that has very little culture or religious diversity. There is a beautiful New Kadampa Tradition centre in the town with 2 shrine rooms. Other than this there is no sign of Buddhism or Buddha’s teachings nearby, so I feel very grateful for Geshe Kelsang’s hard work in spreading Dharma in so many places in this modern world. Without his efforts there would be no Dharma in this area.

Geshe Kelsang must have gone through a lot of difficulties in the beginning when he first arrived in the western world. It was a completely different environment for him, the weather, the food, the culture, the language etc. Despite the difficulties he faced, he managed to spread the Dharma so far and wide.

NKT have grown from strength to strength and become so much of an inspiration for so many other centres around the world. My own Lama and center refers often to the works of Geshe-la and use his books as study materials. So it’s not just the people who are his direct students from NKT. I hope people know that it is also many other Buddhists around the world, like my own little Sangha, who are benefitting from his teachings and compassion.

Why Kadampa Buddhism is modern Buddhism, not Tibetan Buddhism Modern Buddhism

*Okay, I know, “short” is relative🙂

There is plenty more where all this came from, and please add to the comments. And here is a recent tribute I found to Geshe Kelsang, a brief sketch of some of his life and deeds so far.

Your turn: What, if anything, does NKT Day mean to you?


Comments

  1. Caroline says:

    I usually find about ‘days’ after the fact. Glad that I found out it was NKT day this early on the 2nd of April so that I can do something about it. Like maybe visit my local Dharma centre. ( oh wait, I think they’re closed for Easter) Or meditate like I should!

  2. Dale Berg says:

    The world and much more. I cannot think of anything I could possibly compare it to. The NKT to me, is the NKT.

  3. Anonymous says:

    I rejoice at the immense kindness and inspiration for all living beings.

  4. I just don’t have the mental capacity to even begin to appreciate what Geshe la & the NKT has done for me and the world. Contemplating how the world would be, even if people ‘only’ understood the nature & function of the mind and the truth of cause and effect is simply staggering.

    A Poem came to mind…

    Thus far I feel delightfully refreshed from the spray arising from the waves of wisdom and compassion coming from Buddha’s blessings splashing onto the dry shores of my desert like mind.
    Once in a blue moon I might wade out a bit into those waters and gaze down in wonder through the deep blue clarity of the infinite depths that await
    But, in fear I run back to the ‘safe’ dry shores of my ordinary mind, seeking always to quench my thirst.
    Gratefully taking dirty water from old puddles I look longingly to the well atop the hill just a small amount of effort away
    Still, the echoes of the waves on my shore constantly remind me and call me home
    I am going home, maybe not today, But I am going home

    • Debra Nelson says:

      I am new to Buddhist teachings, and I feel this is where I should have been all my life, and your poem touched me so much, as I feel I am with you in spirit……. thank you so much for sharing your poem.

  5. archiekipper says:

    ….deep in troubled sleep, a hand gently rocks my shoulder and a timeless voice whispers in my ear “..wake up……now is the time to wake up……there is nothing to fear”

  6. Venerable Lady says:

    NKT Day! May we all work joyfully to repay Venerable Geshe-la’s enlightened kindness.

    To be part of the Kadampa family is so wonderful. Meeting all my brothers and sisters from all over the world year after year is like the best family reunion ever.

    Geshe-la’s teachings and the community of Sangha has changed my life beyond recognition. Je Tsongkhapa’s emanations pervade the world. Beyond my ability to express in words,just thinking about the kindness of my Spiritual Guide just makes me cry in deep gratitude.

    Om gate gate..,.Luna! Your teachings are like delicious medicine. Thank you xx

  7. Luna, I thank you so much for these tributes you put out. They always move me to tears. The New Kadampa Tradition is my spiritual family, my vajra family. We travel together, in life after life, gradually fulfilling the enlightened wish of our Guru. NKT Day for me is a spiritual birthday of the Kadampa Tradition in the modern world. Today we rejoice in our global spiritual family by feeling very close.

  8. Carolle Marchand says:

    Thank you for sharing this. I’ve been in the tradition for only two years and I did not know about this. I will remember it forever though as the tradition has brought me so much. Tomorrow I’m spending the day at a dog agility competition. I’ve made many friends there. We get lots of opportunity to help and it is great fun. I will spend the evening with my family. I may not sound like much but when you have two teenagers, it is almost a miracle when the whole family is together. Have a nice NKT day everyone🙂

  9. Thank you Luna for continuously nourishing our faith and wisdom through such fabulous good fun to read articles! Lots of love

  10. Hi, i’m new to the NKT – What makes the NKT a good tradition?
    What is genius about Geshe Kelsang Gyatso?

    • The best way to find this out is gradually, for example by picking up a book or going to a meditation class. Of course, the NKT is not for everyone, but it is a good tradition because it reliably brings Buddha’s teachings to a wide audience, and Geshe Kelsang is a genius, IMHO, because he set up the tradition and because his books are outstanding.

  11. Michael Brown says:

    I attended a peace of mind retreat last August at Kadampa World Peace Temple in New York. While my friend and I were there, hurricane Irene hit the temple. The three hour drive home ended up taking ten plus hours and was wrought with many trials. I cannot thank the monks and nuns of Kadampa enough for the lessons that they have taught me on that weekend. The lessons I learned that weekend carried me through the eventful ride home, and are still carrying me to this day. I have been forever changed by the time I spent there and I cannot wait to get back there. Namaste.

  12. A day to practice a puja with fellow sangha members and meditate on advice from Atisha.

  13. Marilyn Carley says:

    I absolutely agree. I am studying Geshela’s books and can’t get enough. He is an incredible human being and has given us an incredible legacy — we shall be indebted to him forever.

  14. Without having met Buddhadharma through connecting with the NKT, in all likelihood, I would be completely lost in the utter darkness of ignorance, probably in another less fortunate life. To have apparently stumbled upon this pure lineage, complete comprehensible teachings with such a spiritual master as is Geshe Kelsang is absolutely unimaginable good fortune. I pray that I never forget this and do everything within my power to put the teachings into practice and help spread these precious teachings. From the depths of my heart I thank you Geshe-la. May you live for a very long time.

  15. Anonymous says:

    NKT day reminds me of the immeasurable kindness of Je Tsongkhapa; of his unsurpassed excellency in both vast and profound paths of method and wisdom. Geshe Kelsang Gyatso for me is inseparable from Je Tsonkhapa, and when we are practising with Geshe-la at our hearts, we too are inseparable. How wonderful that we can be inspired to try to become closer to his example each and every day.

    Such a good example shown through both his kind actions, words and deeds and in the collection of his exhaustive and precise dharma books, reminding me very much of the great Tsongkhapa. Dharma books like Ocean of Nectar literally send shivers down my spine; and gives me limitless confidence in the supreme authenticity and wisdom of our spiritual guide. Equally, as predicted, the practice of Secret Mantra is flourishing, and again i can only continue to thank him with every atom in my body.

    Over a 1000 temples in one lifetime is simply amazing, and yet he never tires in helping Dharma to flourish further. I am sure that in hundreds of years to come, Geshe-la will be remembered and written about exactly as we read about Tsongkhapa and the great scholars of recent years. May we hold such reverence in our hearts and minds and never let the beauty of such faith escape us. NKT also reminds me of those kind enough to “Bang the Drum” early on and to request teachings. It is their dedication that has helped Geshe-la to bring peace and liberation to so many.

    Luna, you yourself remind me of what it means to be a Kadampa. Your enthusiasm, natural energy and joyful inspiration is typical of many Kadampas, but especially that you have chosen the Internet as the path typifies our teacher’s wish that we should help people in ways suitable for them, making the “Modern” in Modern Buddhism! I am sure that the living Asanga in his many emanations will be delighted as you are truly following his advice of helping others in ways appropriate to them.

    Everyone else who visits this site; you are also what makes this day special; such discussion, comments, question, praise and perspective are wonderful. Every person is a kind hand helping to turn the wheel of Dharma. Thank you Geshe-la, Luna and all others.

    The wheel of dharma is spinning so fast and beautifully; may we hold on as it elevates us up and away from the ocean of suffering and in the clouds connecting to pure lands.. May everyone be happy and never be separated from their happiness from this day and until the cessation of all suffering.

  16. It means the love I feel for my family and for the people and sangha of the Swiss Romande.

    http://kadampaworkingdad.wordpress.com/2012/04/07/what-does-nkt-day-mean-to-me/

  17. Venerable Geshe Kelsang gave me the hope and believe that true permanent happiness is possible and can be experienced by every creature…how amazing.
    NKT day means celebrating everyone’s enligthenment …and deep joy in that knowledge, rejoicing, and infinite gratitude to Venerable Geshe Kelsang and all great Master of this Lineage and pure Tradition.

  18. kakikeen says:

    Through his message, blessings, exemple, and work, Geshe Kelsang is the person who gave me hope and the believe that true and permanent happiness is possible, can be reached and experienced by every single creature…How amazing.
    NKT day means celebrating everyone’s enlightenment !! …rejoicing, deep joy, and gratitude toward Venerable Geshe Kelsang and all great Masters of this pure lineage and tradition.

  19. Tamara says:

    Gratitude for perfect solutions to my daily problems.
    Deep appreciation for the 3 Jewels.
    Delight to have found a pure and perfect Spiritual Guide in this life.
    May I never be separated from this tradition.

  20. Precious opportunity to acquire wisdom & compassion, accumulate lots of merit, purify all our faults, receive and ask for blessings = quick path to enlightenment !

  21. NKT Day reinforces my awareness and belief that we are a part of something that is so much bigger than ourselves. Through that knowing I find that when my faith wavers, or it seems everything in this world, including my own Center, has become a feeding ground for my delusions, I only have to look out at the faith of others and the incredible accomplishments and kindness of the NKT, the amazing on-line community with it’s generosity….so much refuge and opportunity to grow. So I will submerge myself in gratitude tomorrow, so happy to have met Kadam Dharma and to Venerable Geshe Kesang Gyatso (and all the NKT everyones) I prostrate to you….

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