Is Heaven real?


Heaven is Real Newsweek October 2012Scanning the magazine rack at LaGuardia, wondering whether I could be bothered to buy anything to read, I spotted Newsweek’s announcement: “Heaven is Real.” I snapped it up. This out of left field article was too tempting a contrast to the politicking of this election season, and the general Us and Them unrest around the world. Judging by the thousands of comments online, the article is provoking strong reactions, as I daresay Newsweek predicted it would. For some, it is a breakthrough – an eminent man of science, brain science no less, saying that he now has proof of heaven (the name of his book) and the existence of consciousness beyond the brain. For others, it is annoyingly unscientific; the guy was clearly tripping out and has no proof whatsoever of anything, and they are cancelling their subscription forthwith. Here’s an example:

“It’s all a bunch of anecdotal malarkey. The only difference between this article and all the same BS I’ve heard from other people that believe in mythological deities is that this guy used the word “cortex” more frequently.”

For me, I read it on the plane above the clouds, and found it both fascinating and utterly unsurprising. I couldn’t help scribbling in the margins of my magazine, as Buddha had a great deal to say on the subject of the nature and types of consciousness and its relationship to the body, the survival of consciousness after death, the existence of different realms and what and where these are, the existence of divine beings and what and where these are, the ontological status of ourselves and our world, and so on. He taught all these to show that there is a path to freedom and happiness, and, like everything else, it begins and ends in the mind.

By relaying some of my scribbles here, I’m hoping to provoke your thoughts and experiences on the subject in the comments below, as I can be by no means exhaustive on the subject (exhausting, maybe! It has ended up longer than I anticipated! I’m now realizing it was an ambitious topic for one blog post, so I’m breaking it into 2 parts …)

The story

In 2008 the neurosurgeon Dr. Eben Alexander contracted a rare bacterial meningitis and his entire cortex shut down.

“For seven days I lay in a deep coma, my body unresponsive, my higher-order brain functions totally offline…. There is no scientific explanation for the fact that while my body lay in a coma, my mind—my conscious, inner self—was alive and well.”

He then describes journey full of very peaceful, non-dualistic, and cosmic appearances, the like of which he cannot recall ever experiencing before.

“According to current medical understanding of the brain and mind, there is absolutely no way that I could have experienced even a dim and limited consciousness during my time in the coma, much less the hyper-vivid and completely coherent odyssey I underwent.”

I suppose I want to look at this from two angles – from the point of view of the object, or what is appearing to the mind, and from the point of view of the subject, the mind itself.

So, is heaven real?

the best way to get to heaven is to take it with youThat depends on what we mean by real. (And, I guess, what we mean by heaven!) Perhaps it’s better to ask “Does heaven exist?” It is not real in the sense that it is findable or inherently existent, independent of the mind. We cannot go visit it some place outside the mind. But appearances of peace, goodness, and bliss etc do exist as projections of a peaceful, good, and blissful mind.

Some terminology: in Buddhism we talk about six realms of samsara, and the highest of these are the god realms, sometimes called heavenly realms. We can create the necessary concentration and good or virtuous karma to be reborn as a god (though it is in point of fact more useful from a spiritual point of view to be reborn as a human.) If we are reborn as a god, although we have some lovely heavenly experiences while the rebirth lasts, we are not permanently free from suffering, and will once again take rebirth in painful realms.

Pure Lands exist outside of samsara and are not subject to samsara’s rules. Once we have purified our mind sufficiently, we are permanently free because we no longer have the delusions and negative karma that throw up our suffering. I wrote an article about Pure Lands here.

However, both the god realms and the Pure Lands are equally projections of mind, like illusions, like dreams. So is our current life, for that matter.

I came across this expression once, and have found it very helpful:

I am not in the world; the world is in me.

I add to that the fact that I too do not exist from my own side, any more than the world does.

Heaven and hell worldwide

heaven and hell are projections of our mindA majority of cultures and religions have concepts of heaven and hell. Is this all a bizarre coincidence? Or could there be something to it? Dr. Alexander is by no means the first person to have had this kind of blissful experience–while awake, or dreaming, or having a near-death experience–or the first person to talk about it. He says himself:

“I’m not the first person to have discovered evidence that consciousness exists beyond the body. Brief, wonderful glimpses of this realm are as old as human history.”

Skeptics may put these experiences and resultant beliefs down to a massive collective hallucination. In a way they are right, because all of us are always hallucinating to a greater or lesser extent for as long as things keep appearing to exist from their own side, independent of our mind, and especially when we grasp at those appearances as reality. But whose hallucination is more “accurate” or non-deceptive – someone experiencing an ordinary, mundane world full of problems and a crunchy sense of duality, or someone experiencing heavenly beings, love, and communion?

My grandfather was a skeptical man of science too until he had some experiences that changed everything for him. I wrote about that here. Someone very close to both me and my grandfather emailed me a fortnight ago about her cataract operation:

“During the op it was v. beautiful as I think I was in heaven – I was in the most beautiful white, silver coloured clouds floating in eternity, quite amazing.  It was either heaven or it might have been Mars as I had heard on the radio on Monday that US scientists have sent some scientific equipment into space to land on Mars for a breakthrough research project.”

After we have had such experiences, we can conceive of them in different ways, depending on our belief systems, backgrounds, and so on. As Mike Hume said on Facebook about Dr. A:

“He is seemingly interpreting his experiences from a Christian perspective, despite the fact that he has stated he has never really believed in God. I guess this isn’t surprising, though. I think if he had investigated other ideas and concepts of mind and consciousness he might have interpreted it differently.”

But if we have these experiences and appearances, it shows they are possible, doesn’t it?! If these three people’s stream of consciousness is capable of experiencing such joy and peace once, who is to say they do not have the potential for experiencing something similar for a very long period of time again in the future, even forever? And would that not be some kind of heaven?

Cautionary tale

We also have the potential or karma for a great deal more suffering, which we need to take steps to purify and remove. A friend messaged me on Facebook:

“I worked in hospice during my graduate studies and there was more than one person who had horrible, horrible appearances at the approach of death. One elderly woman had burning bedsores and hallucinations, and she kept screaming for Grandmother to put out the fire on her body shortly before she went unconscious before death. I prayed hard for her not to die with that mind and take rebirth in a hell realm. So looking at the two sides of people’s experiences I find hope AND a cautionary tale.”

Not testable?

If people ask for physical, scientific proof of heaven (or hell), they may not get it, as science does not use the right tools for measuring the dimension of non-physical mind, and in fact has a self-confessed “problem” over what consciousness even is. Particle physics is now pointing the way to a non-objective universe, however, some modern scientists agreeing that there may be no objectively testable universe.

Jason Mandella says on Facebook:

“Science can assert that consciousness is merely a product of activity in the brain, and it can measure and predict that brain activity accurately with various instruments and practices. But it cannot “explain” lived, conscious experience: what is the nature of it? As Michael, Duane and Pawo are suggesting, Buddhist practice starts from the lived experience of consciousness. Living meditation masters from Buddha to now, present instructions which can be practiced by us. We verify from our own experience if what is being presented is true. That sounds like a science of consciousness to me. Does it need to be validated by conventional science if its working? Not that I have gotten much further than setting up the laboratory; but I have a little faith and some good reasons–like any scientist.”

Clearly, it is hard to do any fact-checking on Newsweek’s article! I don’t think Dr. A’s experience proves that heaven exists objectively. It doesn’t prove any universal truth “out there”. Dr.’s experience was subjective. Kelsang Lekpa says on Facebook, and I agree:

“His spiritual experience doesn’t prove one bit that an actual physical heaven or hell – exactly as he describes it – exists outside of his brain, after death.”

And:

“If I dream of unicorns, does it make them real?”

But what his experience does indicate is that anything can appear to mind.

we project our world with our mindsIt is subjective – would I have those exact experiences in similar circumstances? Probably not. My thoughts might not even be blissful to begin with – if negative karma is ripening, I could experience hell. My appearances will depend on my own thoughts and karma — I will project a different movie, which may or may not share some of the same elements. Appearances are infinite. Due to emptiness, anything can appear. If everything is a projection of mind, and nothing exists objectively or from its own side, it stands to reason that we can project anything, and we do. We have already had infinite projections in life after life since beginningless time (there is no beginning or end to our consciousness.)

When I read this, it reminded me that there are different levels of consciousness and that what we experience depends entirely upon our own mind; in fact experience IS mind. The Mahayana Buddhist goal is to remove all delusions and dualistic appearances from the mind through wisdom and perfect all good qualities through compassion. My wisdom and compassion already exist as part of my Buddha nature, I feel that my main job in life is just to increase these each day until I attain enlightenment. Unlike the random, chance encounter Dr. A had with his own potential for peace and bliss, not easily replicable unless he contracts meningitis again, through spiritual practices we will one day be able to experience bliss continuously at will, and appear or project whatever we want to our minds. If we are prepared to put in the time and training, these results are replicable, and have been replicated by countless meditators including Buddha and many of his followers.

As Robert Thomas said on Facebook:

“For me this account, whilst meaningful for the individual concerned, and others, adds nothing by way of proof. Even the Prof’s conviction that all this occurred whilst his cerebral cortex was inactive is impossible to verify. I prefer to rely on the accounts and insights of accomplished mind trainers who approach the more and more subtle levels of consciousness whilst maintaining mindfulness and clear discrimination.”

And as Mike Hume put it:

“I hope that I can have similarly vivid experiences through meditation, rather than having to nearly die.”

If you asked me to replicate the results of an experiment proving the existence of quarks, say, I would be hard put to do it as I do not have anywhere near the necessary training or experience. Similarly, without the necessary mental training and experience it is hard for each of us individually to replicate the results of generating at will a blissful, non-dual mind mixed inseparably with the ultimate nature of phenomena to prove that it exists. But I trust quantum physicists that quarks exist and have a function in my universe, and I also trust Buddha and his followers that these profound states of mind exist and have a function in my universe.

(In the mind of bliss and emptiness, we can find true commonality (as opposed to objectivity). But that can be left for another discussion on another day.)

Part Two of this article: “Moving from the head to the heart
Part Three of this article: “Relaxing in your heart”

Over to you!

Comments

  1. Thank you so much to all of you who have made comments on this post and shared such profound experiences. So interesting, and sobering too in some cases.

  2. That encounter of the dying lady hallucinating her body on fire is scary. She’s a poor wee soul, but it could happen to any of us. I’ve seen several bodies in old peoples’ homes and the morgue with the most terribly twisted expressions, which is apparently brought on by extreme emotion at death. You dread to think where they went.
    It all reinforces the importance of practicing Dharma the now.

  3. I understood that heaven and hell are within our minds when my ex-boyfriend, who was dying of lung cancer, overdosed on his pain meds. He wouldn’t wake up one morning, but was still breathing. He told me later that, during that time, he saw Satan’s minions coming for him. He said they were very slick and very Hollywood and he was scared. I was with him until the paramedics came, injected him with Narcan, and took him to the hospital. There were no physical minions. They were an appearance to his mind.

  4. Madeline says:

    For anyone interested, the philosopher David Chalmers lays out the inadequacy of a purely material explanation for consciousness in what he calls “the hard problem.” You can find him on Youtube. His thinking on this subject is crystal clear and really compelling.

    Science can’t and doesn’t really claim to know the origin of consciousness, only to know its neural correlates. Chalmers’s explanation suggests it never will for a lot of the reasons already stated on here.
    Great stuff! Thanks for sharing.

  5. Moi ;) says:

    Makes me think of this excellent TED talk. It seems I had a very similar reaction when I saw it to what you describe. There is no doubt to me that science and spirituality are complementary and not at all in conflict. Still, it is essential science remains based in experiments and proven theories. We just all need the wisdom not to let our horizon be limited by that.

  6. Ryan G. says:

    On the night, of the day my nephew died, had a dream, in which he said, “heaven is everything you’ve ever imagined and nothing you’ve ever imagined.” i understood this as his ‘ripened karma’ for he was, a very ‘gifted child’ and cherished both human and animal. A ‘lesson’ for those left behind in samsara, to seek out paths which lead to greater understanding and, therein, fulfillment of our human lives. _()_Thank you Luna for the invitation to comment. .

  7. Intriguing discussion and writing . . . tried to send it to a few people on your e-mail button; it needs some attention. Thank you for your openness.
    peace,
    mickeypamo

    http://KarmaLifeReadings.wordpress.com

    http://TheKarmaPress.com

  8. Venerable Lady says:

    My friend’s father was in an unconcious state for some days due to illness.On awaking he said he experienced a very vivid and very pleasant dream which seemed so real.it functioned to neutralise his fear of death it was so enjoyable!
    Being fortunate enough to receive Buddha’s teachings of course I was not too surprised by the experience recounted by the Dr.However,I see that ‘scientifically’ he had no explanation for what happened despite his vast scientific experience of the brain.In short,scientists can offer little sound knowledge of the nature of conciousness.Also,the assertion ‘heaven is real’ is just evidence to me that the episode has been hijacked in another illogical way to ‘prove’ heaven exists ‘out there’ waiting to be discovered by the subject,not that is it actually the play of the mind itself.
    I recall some years ago watching documentary where a learned American professor was observing some Tibetan monks generate ‘tummo’…it was quite a spectacle with the monks drying cold wet garments in the freezing climate on their bodies with the steam rising profusely .The Professor appeared totally at a loss and said,with some humility,that he could offer no explanation for this phenomenon…it was completely outside anything he ‘knew’ about.
    Maybe the good Dr will be prompted to acknowledge now that so little is known about the true nature of conciousness !
    Great article,Luna.

  9. “Skeptics may put these experiences and resultant beliefs down to a massive collective hallucination. ”

    I’ve often wondered whether our normal everyday Samsaric waking life is a massive collective hallucination… http://seanrobsville.blogspot.com/2009/11/collective-karma.html

  10. Anonymous says:

    It’s remarkable how many experiences of this type have to do with medical procedures. Once a woman told me that she had to have a brain tumor removed by laser surgery and could not have any kind of anesthesia or sedation due to medical reasons. She also had to bear the pain while keeping completely still or else…well it’s obvious. She did this by using meditation, and due to the urgency of the circumstances she reached a higher state of meditation than ever before. What she described sounded like the union of bliss and emptiness!! Now that she was recovered, all she wanted was to get back to that “heavenly” state. But she couldn’t. She was looking for a meditation teacher to help her.

  11. I totally love this line, “Unlike the random, chance encounter Dr. A had with his own potential for peace and bliss, not easily replicable unless he contracts meningitis again, through spiritual practices we will one day be able to experience bliss continuously at will, and appear or project whatever we want to our minds.” Isn’t this the point? Anyone who chooses to believe in Heaven is doing so out of hope that they can somehow get there according to their particular beliefs about what it is and how you do it. That’s my answer – it doesn’t matter WHAT a scientist would define an experience by as long as I have the ability to cause these things to appear to my mind. This doctor’s emotionally vivid experience show that the mind can experience quite profound things, and as Buddhists we know that things like that are the tip of the iceberg in bliss and emptiness. Thank you for taking on such a vast and loaded subject with clarity and wisdom!

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